More than 30 years ago on the remote plains of southern Alberta, Canada, scientist Gordon Freeman discovered a Sun Temple. His study of the site led him to find incredible similarities to Stonehenge. Canada’s Stonehenge not only predates England’s Stonehenge by about 800 years but also predates Egypt’s pyramids. Freeman discovers that 5000 years ago Britons and Plains Indians made precise astronomical observations at these two sites halfway around the world from each other at nearly the same latitude. Here is is explanation of how the calendar works.
ACCOMPANYING TEXT OF GORDON FREEMAN’S TALK ON THE SOLAR CALENDAR
More than 30 years ago on the remote plains of southern Alberta, Canada, scientist Gordon Freeman discovered a Sun Temple. His study of the site led him to find incredible similarities to Stonehenge. Canada’s Stonehenge not only predates England’s Stonehenge by about 800 years but also predates Egypt’s pyramids. Freeman discovers that 5000 years ago Britons and Plains Indians made precise astronomical observations at these two sites halfway around the world from each other at nearly the same latitude.
In his 30-year quest to understand these two sites, Gordon Freeman has measured, photographed and made many recordings of Sun rises and sets through the Stonehenge structure. He discovered a complete solar calendar, the same calendar as the 5200-year-old one in Canada. The observer does not stand within Stonehenge Circle, watching the Sun rise and set through the relatively large gaps between the Stones. He stands outside the Circle, observing the dates on which the first and last flashes of the rising and setting Sun cross lines marked by narrow slits that cross the entire stone structure. Freeman finds the artistry of the calendrical construction astonishing.Gordon Freeman was born in 1930 in Hoffer, Saskatchewan and was introduced to Stone Age artefacts at the age of six. His father collected stone projectile points and stone tools from the Saskatchewan prairie after the dry winds had blown away tilled soil.
He obtained an M.A. from the University of Saskatchewan, a Ph.D. from McGill, and a D.Phil. from Oxford. He is a Chemical Physicist, was for ten years Chairman of Physical and Theoretical Chemistry at the University of Alberta, and for thirty years Director of the Radiation Research Centre there. He is now a Professor Emeritus. For forty years he has pioneered interdisciplinary studies in chemistry, physics, and human societies. Interdisciplinarity is now the standard approach to understanding in the sciences and humanities. He has more than 450 publications in chemistry, physics, and other subjects.
As a hobby, he visited many archaeological sites in Canada, the United States, Britain, Ireland, Europe, and Asia. In 1980 he discovered a 5000-year-old Sun Temple in southern Alberta and has studied it ever since. In 1989 he took observation techniques he had developed in Alberta to England, to resolve the controversy that surrounded a possible calendar in Stonehenge. The astonishingly beautiful, ancient calendars in southern Alberta and Stonehenge are displayed for the first time in recent centuries, with far-ranging implications for international prehistory and history.
Most of it is Crown land and it’s been grazing cattle for a hundred years. Previous to that it was grazing buffalo for 10,000 years and this sun temple is 5,000 years old. The most remarkable thing about it is that it has a calendar that is slightly more accurate than the calendar we use – the Gregorian one. So what I’m going to do is to briefly introduce you to the sun temple, show you a few pictures of what the landscape looks like and then show you one of the little parts of the solar calendar. Actually, it contains both a solar and a lunar calendar. I’ll talk about that in a separate talk on the lunar calendar.
So the core of the sun temple it has this enormous 24-square-mile territory with a kind of a spider’s web of strong patterns all throughout it. The core of it is on one square mile in the middle of it and it contains three hills that have been manipulated by the ancient people to be exactly the same height. With the very sensitive GPS, I measure the altitude to be 919 meters above mean sea level, each of the three. The main storm pile is something I call the sun cairn, is on the northeast most hill. Three-quarters of a mile away is a second sun cairn and a little over one mile away – this is looking moving Southwest – is another hill the same height and there’s a cairn on that that has been a back site for summer solstice sunrise for 5200 years.
To give a little better idea of what the top of the main hill looks like – a flying cowboy used to fly me in when the weather was bad or he would throw me in for a few reconnaissance missions where I could photograph various things.
So this is the top of the sun cairn in the main hill, this is a secondary one here and that’s the solstice hill over there. So this is the sun cairn and there’s a ring around it 30 meters in diameter. The sun cairn is 9 meters in diameter. There’s a west house, I call them the v rocks. There’s a north house, there’s a pattern of rocks going down the hill.
This is another view of the same hilltop. The sun cairn and the ring around they call the sun cairn ring. It has a constellation that the stones are exactly a reproduction of the Cepheus constellation and there are the v-rocks over here and here’s the north house.
I’m going to now talk about the calendar and only a small part of the calendar because the calendar has turning points at the winter solstice about December the 21 to 22, summer solstice June 20 to 21. And I had thought initially the equinox because that’s what it says on our calendars, but I couldn’t find any alignments on the dates of the equinoxes that says on the calendar the 20th of March and 22 of September, but we finally found alignments for three days before the March ones – on the 17th of March, St. Paddy’s Day, and the 25th of September, three days away. So this is the real 12-hour, 12.0-hour day, 12.0-hour night. So I’m going to show you an equal day-night sunset line from the sun cairn, actually, it’s the rock beside the sun cairn. The sun cairn is nine meters across the back of it, the back site is only about half a meter across. So going from the sun cairn, two of the of three little cairns 900 meters away.
This is a Google Earth image, the rest are my photographs. This is looking west. That vee of cairns is out here on top of a knoll. Zoom that and you can see a bit more clearly.
There are two little cairns and there’s a white limestone down on the bottom. There are other rocks there but these make a v so that is the foresight. I took photographs of sunsets along this line on the 16, 17, 18th of March. And just to keep his talk a little shorter, this is where the sun set on the last flash of the sun on the 16, on the 17 and the 18th.
Here’s the line from here to the v of cairns of the 17th. The 17th sunset is the equal day-night sunset. Here’s the so-called equinox that got fiddled by Pope Gregory the 13th in 1582 so that everybody could celebrate Easter whether you’re north or south of the Equator on the same date. So we picked the 17th, three days before. The ancient Irish knew that because they still have that heathen drunken brawl on St. Paddy’s Day, in March.
We know that the leap year is every four years. The year is 365.24 days long, so roughly every four years if we have 365 days, 365 days for three years in a row, we have to add a 366th day on the fourth year and then we can shift it back. Most people don’t know whether it is a leap year or most people now don’t know if it’s a leap year or not. Let’s say ten percent of people do. A few people know whether it’s a leap year plus one or leap year plus two. The Indians marked each separate year of the leap year cycle. That’s what I’m going to show you here. This is along the line. This is the small rock that is the real back site. The cairn is right here. In March this is the beginning. This is the beginning in 1988-89. This is the first two years of leap year cycle. This is the beginning of the leap year then 24 hours later that’s the equal day-night rather, then 24 hours later is the end of the equal day-night.
There are no rocks out here to mark the beginning of this cycle. There’s a cairn there and the v point, the big white limestone down here and another little cairn there so the actual top of this little knoll is marked by that cairn and this V rock and those are exactly the end of the equal day-night in the first two years, 1988 and 89, of the leap year cycle. If we went up to 92 and 93 that would be another leap year cycle so they return here every four years.
In September there is the back site again and we were coming in this direction. This is the beginning of the equal day-night and the end of the equal day-night. And it’s the beginning of the equal day-night in September. It was the end of the equal day-night in March. So this picks out a season, a most emphatically marked season, by these equal day-night sunsets that began in September ended in March. Well, that’s the winter, so the focal point of this calendar was the winter season.
I’ll talk about the equal day-night sunrise, yes our equal day-night sunrise. From the very rocks that I mentioned before I’ll show you a bigger image later to the rim of this some ring but actually, there are two other rocks the white limestone a red granite that viewed from here look like they’re making another V. This is 74 meters away. There we got the camera set up so that the front v is nested in the bottom of the back v. There is the sun cairn over there. We zoom in to see it more clearly. I put a camera on top of that red granite so that you can see clearly the front v 74 meters away is nested in the bottom of the back v.
On March the 17, this is the morning of the marked sunset this day, but the sun rose here on the edge.
On the eighteenth of March, the next day, smack in the bottom of the nested vees. On the 19th the next day it has moved through from the bottom up this side so this was picking the sunrise on the 18th. So in September we have the equal day-night starting the 25 – 26 so it starts in the last two years of the leap year cycle. Most emphatically marked season by the sunrise of the equal day-night begins in September ends in March, the same for the sets so the focus is on the winter.